The crucial role of Moroccan women philosophers

We cannot draw up a more or less exhaustive list of Moroccan thought, without mentioning the great role played by Moroccan women philosophers who have marked the history of ideas not only in Morocco, the Maghreb and the Arab world, but also in a more universal approach to human thought by focusing on subjects that are both strong and still current such as the condition of women in the world, individual freedoms, emancipation in all its ramifications, mental independence, psychological and physical women, the desire to participate in building a society built on inalienable human values, parity, equity, social justice, political representativeness, the right to civic action, and the equality of opportunity, among other burning issues that are still popular in Morocco, and more generally in a world that is increasingly divided, increasingly unstable and retrograde.

If this human concern has been carried with depth and great audacity by Fatima Mernissi, author, among other reference works, of “Forgotten Sultanas”, “Rêves de femmes” or the excellent “Le harem politique”, it must also be said that other women have paved the way for Moroccan female thought of the highest order. We are thinking of a great researcher like Hourya Benis Sinaceur, a recognized specialist in the history and philosophy of modern and contemporary mathematics and logic, whose work sheds new light on our human history in relation to reason and logic as two postulates. philosophical essentials to apprehend the world in which we live today.

A scientist and philosopher whose work remains, despite everything, unknown in Morocco, while in Europe her name is among the most respected intellectuals today. This is also the case of many women who have taken it upon themselves to think about the society in which they live with a critical eye, beyond any compromise and compromise. We are thinking of figures like Aicha Belarbi, renowned sociologist and author, with whom I was able to share a meeting dedicated to the equation of Moroccan identity, between tradition and modernity. We are here facing the honorable career of a professor emeritus of the University Mohammed V of Rabat, at the same time sociologist, writer, expert with the United Nations and other national, regional and international organizations on questions relating to the education, women, gender, dialogue between cultures, migration. This diligent researcher is also an activist in democracy, human rights, and women’s rights. She has also held the positions of Secretary of State for Cooperation, Ambassador of Morocco to the European Commissions, and Commissioner of the Global Commission on International Migration.

We are also thinking of figures like Zakya Daoud who, as a journalist, observed Morocco’s political life for thirty years with a critical mind and without complacency. This relentless activist founded in 1966 the magazine “Lamalif”, an almost unique intellectual experience in the history of thought and ideas in Morocco, with bold and sharp analyzes touching on all areas of Moroccan life. We are also thinking of an important figure like Zakia Zouanat, anthropologist and researcher at the Institute of African Studies, Mohammed V University in Rabat since 1990. She is a woman who has worked for a long time on the Sufi heritage of Morocco and on its extensions in the world.

Unfortunately, she left us very young, at the age of 55, in 2012.
Faces like those quoted in this text are numerous, but they still remain unknown in Morocco, in the absence of a serious interest in the work of all these women who embody the struggle and the fight for freedoms, for social changes. and for inalienable universal human values. As we can see, for several years, the taste for literature and philosophy has lost its strength, consecrating both ignorance and mediocrity by ignoring the fabulous heritage of all these Moroccan women who have dedicated their lives to thought, to society, in a philosophical approach that is both innovative and unprecedented in this Ara World, always in the grip of perdition dragging murderous archaisms which always have a right to the chapter.
Hence the need today to revisit the work of all this Moroccan female intelligence to try to be in tune with our time, in its profound changes.

The article is in French

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